What causes blackheads in pores? Easy to remove & introduce elimination methods and prevention methods

One of the skin troubles that many people are concerned about is blackheads. Wondering how to get rid of blackheads in your pores? To eliminate blackheads, it is important to understand the cause and take correct care. If you can't get rid of blackheads even if you take care of it, you may be doing the wrong care. If you can't remove it, consider a cosmetic dermatologist treatment. If you are concerned about blackheads in your pores, read this article to the end and use it as a reference.

Find out in this article
  • What is pore blackheads
  • Types and causes of blackheads
  • how to get rid of blackheads
  • How to prevent blackheads
  • For blackheads that still do not heal
  • Rough skin and pores can easily occur due to hormonal imbalance

What is pore blackheads

Darkening of pores is a state in which keratin plugs clogged in pores and dirt from sebum appear black. A keratin plug is like a pore lid that has formed near the exit of a pore. Keratin plugs are hardened mixtures of old keratin and sebum, and if left unattended, they will oxidize and appear dark. Blackheads can also be seen on the cheeks and arms, but they are most noticeable on the nostrils, where the amount of sebum secretion is high. In addition, keratin plugs are also the trigger for acne, and are the cause of all skin problems.

Types of blackheads and causes of blackheads

There are several types of blackheads in pores. The cause of darkening differs depending on the type, so it is important to know your type of darkening first. Here are five types of blackheads and their causes. Check out which type is right for you.

Black square plug type

As the name suggests, the black keratin plug type is in a state where the formed keratin plug appears dark. Most of the blackheads in the pores are black square plug type. If you have rough dark spots, you may have a black square plug type. ~Cause~ If you leave the white keratin plugs that have formed, they will oxidize and become visible as blackheads in your pores. Keratin plugs are formed by a mixture of old keratin that could not be excreted due to leftover makeup or abnormal turnover and excessive secretion of sebum. If you have a lot of sebum secretion or if you haven't washed your face properly, you need to be careful because black plugs are likely to occur.

melanin type

If the pores are not clogged, but it looks dark, it is possible that you have a melanin type. Melanin is the pigment that determines skin color. The melanin type looks dark due to the pigmentation around the pores. ~ Cause ~ Speaking of melanin, I think it's an image of UV Rays. However, in addition to UV rays, excessive skin stimulation and hormonal imbalance can also cause melanin to be produced, resulting in darkening. Be careful not to wash your face more than necessary, as it may irritate your skin and cause darkening.

open pores type

In addition to darkening of pores, many people may be concerned about open pores. There is also a type that looks black because the opening of the pores creates a shadow. If you don't have clogged pores but are concerned about open pores, check it out. ~Cause~ Pore opening is caused by excess sebum secretion and skin sagging due to aging. Excessive secretion of sebum not only causes blackheads, but also causes open pores. Sebaceous glands that secrete sebum are connected to the pores. Excessive sebum secretion from the sebaceous glands pushes the exit of the pores, leading to the opening of the pores.

Lanugo type

Lanugo hair that you don't usually care about can cause blackheads in your pores. It is said that if the section of downy hair after shaving is thick, the pores will look dark. There are surprisingly many downy hair types, but it is difficult to distinguish them by yourself because you can't tell just by looking at them. Therefore, it is a type of darkening that is more suitable for treatment at a cosmetic dermatologist. ~ Cause ~ As the name suggests, it is caused by "downy hair". From the pores, it becomes a place where hair, including downy hair, grows.

Crater type

It is a type that looks black due to the dents (craters) formed in the acne scars in the pores. ~ Cause ~ Craters that can be acne scars are caused by mistakes in acne care and treatment, such as crushing acne and leaving acne with strong inflammation. Acne inflammation occurs when it reaches deeper than the epidermis called the dermis. Craters of acne scars are also difficult to improve with self-care, and treatment at a cosmetic dermatologist is suitable.

how to get rid of blackheads

If you can't get rid of blackheads even after taking care of them, one of the reasons is that you're doing the wrong care. The following two points are important for removing blackheads from pores.

  • Carefully remove keratin plugs and dirt from pores
  • Suppresses excessive secretion of sebum and disturbance of turnover
Here are five ways to get rid of blackheads in your pores.

Use a steamed towel before cleansing

First, before cleansing, put a steamed towel on your face to make it easier to remove keratin plugs and dirt clogged in your pores. The keratin plugs before cleansing are clogged in the pores. Even if you cleanse your skin in such a clogged state, it is difficult to remove pore dirt. Therefore, when you put a steamed towel on your face, the pores will expand and it will be easier to remove keratin plugs and dirt. Heat a wet face towel in the microwave at 500w for 30 seconds to 1 minute and gently apply it to your face. Please note that if you heat it for a long time or apply it strongly, it will damage your skin.

Cleanse gently and carefully

In order to thoroughly remove the keratin plugs in the pores, you will want to wash it vigorously. However, rubbing the skin strongly may cause melanin to be produced by stimulating the skin and cause darkening. So, cleanse gently and carefully to drop the dirt. Hot water can cause dry skin, so it is important to wash off with lukewarm water.

wash your face properly

If you remove too much sebum, your skin will be too dry, which will cause blackheads in your pores. In order to wash your face properly, be aware of the following two points. Avoid using too much cleanser with strong detergency Lather well and wash gently Sebum has a barrier function that protects the skin from external damage and retains moisture. Excessive removal of sebum in an attempt to keep the skin clean will weaken the barrier function and cause dry skin. Therefore, it is necessary to be careful not to overuse facial cleansers with high detergency1). If you lather up your face cleanser and wash it gently, you can wash your face properly without removing too much of the necessary sebum.

Properly Moisturizes to Lock in Moisture

Lack of moisturizing can cause dry skin, so after washing your face, moisturize your skin to keep it hydrated. When the inside of the skin dries out, the secretion of sebum becomes excessive, which causes blackheads and blackheads due to open pores. Therefore, please do not forget to apply moisturizing care after thoroughly lathering your facial cleanser and gently washing your face. As a basic moisturizing care, after hydrating the keratin with lotion, lock in moisture with milky lotion or cream. Of course, it is also important to choose a skin care product that suits your skin type.

Nutrition management | Supplement vitamins, minerals, and proteins

In order to eliminate blackheads in pores, try to eat a well-balanced diet so that you do not run out of vitamins, minerals, and proteins. Vitamins not only suppress the excess secretion of sebum, but also have the effect of adjusting the disturbance of turnover. Minerals such as protein, which is the material of the skin, and zinc, which activates metabolism, are also nutrients that you want to actively ingest in order to aim for beautiful pores. Also, avoid eating too much fried food and refined sugar, as this can cause excess sebum secretion. Refined sugars are sugars from which minerals such as white sugar and granulated sugar have been removed.

How to prevent blackheads

Blackheads in pores that are difficult to remove once you can. Therefore, it is important to understand the cause of pores before blackheads appear and prevent them with daily care. Here are three ways to prevent blackheads.

  1. Basic prevention is the same as elimination method
  2. Do not cover the skin with a thick layer of makeup
  3. Remove makeup daily to prevent pigmentation

Basic prevention is the same as elimination method

As with the elimination method, the basic prevention method is to gently and firmly remove keratin plugs and dirt from pores, and to suppress excessive secretion of sebum and disturbance of turnover. It is important to review your facial cleansing method and moisturizing care, and to be conscious of a well-balanced diet that does not lack vitamins, minerals, and proteins.

Do not cover the skin with a thick layer of makeup

When you want to hide the blackheads in your pores, you tend to apply a thick layer of makeup. If you apply concealer or foundation more than necessary to hide your pores, it will cause clogged pores, which is a vicious cycle. If you want to clean your pores, be aware of not only skin care, but also the base and foundation selection.

Remove makeup daily to prevent hyperpigmentation

You may fall asleep without removing your makeup, saying, "I'm tired and I'll remove my makeup tomorrow." However, if you go to sleep without removing your makeup, not only will dirt and sebum clog your pores, but it will also cause skin problems such as itchiness and pigmentation. Pigmentation can cause blackheads in your pores, so even if you're tired, remove your daily make-up.

For blackheads that still do not heal

Even with the correct daily care, there are still blackheads that are difficult to remove. For example, blackheads caused by craters and downy hair are difficult to improve with home care. Also, blackheads and melanin-type blackheads may not improve immediately. If you can't improve it with home care, there is a way to treat it at a cosmetic dermatologist.

Get treatment at a cosmetic dermatologist

In cosmetic dermatology, you can receive appropriate treatment for blackheads by a dermatologist. The causes of blackheads and individual skin types vary. It is not uncommon for blackheads to worsen due to improper self-care. At a cosmetic dermatologist, you can receive appropriate treatment that matches the cause of pores and skin type. It is easier and faster to remove blackheads than if you continue to take care of yourself, so if you are worried about stubborn blackheads, why not consider treatment at a cosmetic dermatologist?

You can also maintain areas of concern other than darkening

Treatment at a cosmetic dermatologist can be maintained while consulting a dermatologist for areas of concern other than darkening of pores. For example, various treatments such as tightening pores, stains, and improving wrinkles are also possible. Some skin problems take time to improve with home care, and some are difficult to treat, so treatment at a cosmetic dermatologist may be a shortcut. It is also recommended to consult a cosmetic dermatologist about skin care methods that suit your skin type.

Rough skin and pores can easily occur due to hormonal imbalance

A hormonal imbalance can cause rough skin and blackheads. Problems with pores are caused by excessive secretion of sebum. Male hormones that are also produced in the female body have the effect of promoting sebum secretion. It is thought that male hormones increase relatively when the hormone balance collapses due to stress and irregular life. As a result, keratin plugs are formed in the pores that cause excessive sebum secretion, which causes blackheads, open pores, and acne. Recently, there are also hormone test kits that allow you to check your hormone status at home. If you are concerned about your hormone balance, do a simple self-check at home.

Check out the canvas inspection kit here .


In this article, we will discuss the causes of blackheads and how to treat them. The five points of the article are:

  1. There are blackheads, melanin, open pores, downy hair, and acne scars in the types of darkening of pores, and the causes differ for each type.
  2. The key to improving pores is to carefully remove keratin plugs and dirt from pores to suppress excessive secretion of sebum and disturbance of turnover.
  3. The prevention method is basically the same as the solution method
  4. Be careful not to apply thick makeup or forget to remove it
  5. If the blackheads in the pores cannot be removed by any means or if you want to heal quickly, there is also a method of treatment at a cosmetic dermatologist.
Use this article as a reference to improve the blackheads in your pores and aim for a beautiful pore.


1) Masatoshi Abe. Seen by a dermatologist! Zannenna Skin Care 47.2019 https://www.amazon.co.jp/%E7%9A%AE%E8%86%9A%E7%A7%91%E5%B0%82%E9%96%80%E5%8C %BB%E3%81%8C%E8%A6%8B%E3%81%9F%EF%BC%81-%E3%81%96%E3%82%93%E3%81%AD%E3%82% 93%E3%81%AA%E3%82%B9%E3%82%AD%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B1%E3%82%A2%EF%BC%94%EF%BC%97- %E5%AE%89%E9%83%A8-%E6%AD%A3%E6%95%8F/dp/4058010878