Female hormones have a major impact on health and beauty throughout a woman's life.
This article explores the relationship between the menstrual cycle and hormones. If you are interested, please read to the end and refer to it.
Find out in this article
- what are female hormones
- function of female hormones
- two female hormones
- Relationship between the menstrual cycle and female hormones
- Estrogen levels change with age
- Causes of irregular menstrual cycle
what are female hormones
Female hormones are hormones that are essential for women, mainly produced by the ovaries .
Hormones are substances produced in various parts of the body, including the brain, that regulate the functions of the body. There are about 100 types of hormones that are currently known. Estrogen and progesterone are called female hormones.
The amount of female hormones produced in a lifetime is a teaspoon! Even such a small amount can have a big effect on a woman's body.
function of female hormones
Female hormones have a variety of functions, such as making a feminine body, preparing for pregnancy, and helping to maintain women's health and beauty .
When you reach puberty, the effects of female hormones that gradually increase will cause your breasts to swell, your body to become rounder, and your body to look more feminine.
It also has the important role of making a bed for raising a baby. It is a hormone that is essential for getting pregnant and for growing a baby.
In addition, there are various functions such as making the skin and hair glossy, and strengthening the bones.
two female hormones
There are two types of female hormones: estrogen and progesterone .
A baby is raised in the womb, and the lining of the uterus is like a bed for raising the baby. Estrogen thickens the lining of the uterus, and progesterone makes it easier for the baby to grow.
In other words, estrogen makes the framework of the bed, and progesterone pulls the futon and makes it fluffy. Let's take a closer look at these two hormones.
Estrogen is a female hormone that makes you feminine and helps you stay healthy .
The ovaries have follicles like sacs that enclose the eggs. Estrogen is also called follicular hormone because it is mainly produced by the follicle.
- Enlargement of breasts and development of genitals
- Create a round and feminine figure
- thicken the endometrium
- maintenance of bone mass
- Make skin and hair shiny
- Lowers cholesterol and prevents arteriosclerosis
Progesterone is a hormone that is primarily involved in growing a baby.
After ovulation, the follicle left in the ovary after ovulation transforms into a corpus luteum. Progesterone is also called progesterone because it is produced by the corpus luteum.
- Makes the lining of the uterus more susceptible to implantation of a fertilized egg
- maintain pregnancy
- rise in body temperature
What is the relationship between the menstrual cycle and female hormones?
Female hormones are closely related to the menstrual cycle, which brings about major changes in a woman's body and mind each month .
The menstrual cycle is the number of days from the first day of menstruation to the day before the next first day of menstruation, and although there are individual differences, it is a cycle of about one month.
During this month, a woman's body prepares to welcome the baby. Preparing means estrogen thickens the lining of the uterus, which becomes the baby's bed, and progesterone makes it fluffy.
However, if pregnancy does not occur, female hormones will drop and the endometrium will not be able to maintain itself and will be expelled from the body. That is what menstruation is.
On the other hand, when you become pregnant, the female hormone does not decrease and the pregnancy continues.
Progesterone raises body temperature, which keeps your basal body temperature high during pregnancy. Therefore, in addition to the absence of menstruation, a constant basal body temperature is a sign of pregnancy. In addition to the sign of pregnancy, it is important to attach a basal body temperature chart to understand the menstrual cycle.
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Estrogen levels change with age
Among female hormones, changes in the secretion of estrogen in particular have a major impact on a woman's body, establishing a life stage unique to women.
At puberty, menstruation begins and estrogen levels rise. Estrogen levels then peak at sexual maturity. On the other hand, some people develop diseases such as endometriosis, an estrogen-dependent disease.
During menopause, the amount of estrogen fluctuates and decreases, which may cause mental and physical disorders such as menopause.
Stress can disrupt your menstrual cycle
Stress, diet, and strenuous exercise can also disrupt your menstrual cycle.
In fact, female hormones are controlled by hormone orders from the brain. Control from the brain is easily affected by stress and other factors, and stress can lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle.
Irregular menstrual cycles are often caused by hormonal imbalance caused by stress. However, be aware that pregnancy may delay menstruation, or it may be due to diseases such as uterus or ovaries.
I mainly explained the characteristics and functions of female hormones and their relationship with the menstrual cycle.
I tried to summarize the points I want to convey in this article .
- Female hormones are useful for femininity, preparation for pregnancy, health maintenance and beauty.
- There are two types of female hormones: estrogen and progesterone.
- Female hormones are closely related to the menstrual cycle
- Changes in the amount of estrogen that change with age have a profound effect on a woman's body
- Stress, diet, and strenuous exercise can disrupt your menstrual cycle.
If you want to know about the relationship between the menstrual cycle and hormones, please refer to this article and let's get along well with female hormones and menstruation.